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Subject Catalog

Welcome!

Course and curriculum planning can be challenging. What do states require? What do colleges require? What do colleges “look for” in choosing an applicant?

We recommend you start with the Subject Planning tab and walk it through. This guide will walk you through basic steps for planning your school years.

If you already know what subjects you’re interested in, jump to whatever tab(s) you want.

When you’re ready to start searching our hundreds of courses, head to the Course Catalog where you can browse, filter, search, and then enroll.

If you have questions, please use the chat bubble on the bottom right of every page on our sites. If you don’t find what you want, then before you go please give us some quick feedback letting us know what you needed but could not find here.

Academic planning is unique for every student, and it has to be revisited every year. If you’re planning a lot of TPS courses for your students, you may request an appointment with our Academic Adviser once each year (students pursuing a TPS Diploma are required to meet with our Academic Adviser prior to enrolling each year).

We look forward to serving with your family in education and discipleship.

This Subject Planning guide will walk you through basic steps for establishing planning your school years and building a strong high school transcript.

Step 1 – Big Picture Planning

If you’re looking for an outline of a high school plan that meets state requirements, please look at the TPS Diploma (Standard and Honors) for a framework and reference.

If you’re planning a lot of TPS courses for your students, you may also request an appointment with our Academic Adviser (students pursuing a TPS Diploma are required to meet with our Academic Adviser prior to enrolling each year).

Step 2 – Start with English.

We recommend you start by planning your English courses and curricula.

  • Writing is required for success in all fields. Even Math and Science majors have to be able to write good essays and arguments to do well in their fields.
  • Besides English courses, Humanities and Social Science courses also require good writing skills, so writing and analytical reading will have the the biggest single impact on college success.
  • SAT and ACT and other standardized placement tests require writing.

Requirement: College readiness requires writing skills through Advanced Composition (TPS English 4/5).

Caution: Many high school English programs are light on writing instruction past the grade 9 level. Good writing is a skill that can be systematically taught and improved into college.

Go to the English tab to start planning your English courses, then return to this tab when you’re ready.

Step 3 – Build a strong conceptual Math foundation.

Learning Math is about more than the equations — it’s about developing the thinking skills that come from conceptual math problem-solving.

  • Analytical thinking skills are required for success in all fields.
  • Besides Math and Science courses, Humanities and Social Science courses also require analytical thinking skills. The “analytical essay” or “position paper” is the basic component of education and business communication.
  • SAT and ACT and other standardized placement tests require math through Algebra 2.

Requirement: College readiness requires Math through Algebra 2.

Recommendation: A strong transcript has a math course every year of high school, and includes at least one course beyond Algebra 2.

Caution: Homeschool math curricula tend to be light on conceptual problem-solving. It is worth the extra effort to build a strong foundation with a conceptual curriculum.

Go to the Math tab to start planning your Math courses, then return to this tab when you’re ready.

Step 4 – Two high school lab sciences is a minimum requirement, not a standard.

  • In the U.S., Biology and Chemistry are taught first in high school, so it is sometimes wrongly assumed that Biology and Chemistry are the only Science expectations. However, a strong transcript will have a solid science course every year, and reflect study in biological, chemical and physical sciences.
  • The “lab science” requirement assumes practical training in lab procedures and methods with formal lab reports, particularly in Chemistry. These can be harder to do well in homeschooling.
  • Chemistry requires Algebra. Students without a good Algebra foundation will not do well in a creditable Chemistry course.
  • Chemistry also assumes the student has had basic Physical Science first — often taken before high school. Students without basic Physical Science will have a harder time in Chemistry, but can generally overcome this with extra work.

Requirement: Two lab science courses taken in high school with rigorous research methods and laboratory skills, and formal lab reports.

Recommendation: A strong transcript includes a science course every year in high school.

Recommendation: Ideally the student be able to show high school level work in all three sciences: Biological, Chemical, Physical.

Caution: Chemistry requires Algebra. It also requires lab work. Homeschool Chemistry texts are sometimes lighter on the problem-solving, and particularly on the lab work and formal lab reports. Some also may omit some topics that are expected in a college-preparatory Chemistry course.

Go to the Science tab to start planning your Science courses, then return to this tab when you’re ready.

Step 5 – “World” History means the entire world.

For U.S. students, U.S. History and U.S. Government are required by most states as separate courses taken in high school. World History is expected for a strong transcript.

  • U.S. History taken at the elementary or middle school level does not count toward a high school U.S. History requirement.
  • U.S. History does not satisfy a U.S. Government requirement (even if you talk about Government in your History class).
  • Ancient History and Western History courses do not count as World History (though Ancient History may be required by some states).
  • It is ideal that a student take World History then U.S. History in high school (because U.S. History assumes a knowledge of world context), although this is not required. For instance, if a student is taking the AP U.S. History and the AP World History exams, he will find that World History helps with U.S. History.
  • History courses that are primarily discussion classes are hard to defend for credit. A strong transcript requires evaluated work (ample papers and tests).
  • Human history is a mix of faith-based and secular influences interwoven together. Both should be studied together to consider History as an academic subject.

Requirement: Requirements vary among states and colleges, but taking high school level World History and high school level U.S. History generally meets the varied requirements. Ancient History may be required by some states.

Caution: Homeschool History courses can sometimes be too light in evaluation (papers and tests) to be creditable. “Christian” History courses can sometimes fail to cover the whole picture of History expected for academic study. Where U.S. Government is listed as a separate requirement from U.S. History, it is required to be a separate course.

Go to the History/Gov’t tab to start planning your History and Government courses, then return to this tab when you’re ready.

Step 6 – Classical languages might not count as Foreign Language.

Most colleges require Foreign Language study in high school.

  • Colleges generally require two years of Foreign Language in high school. There are valid ways to credit Foreign Language study prior to high school or proficiency gained outside the classroom.
  • Colleges might not accept Classical languages (e.g., Latin) as meeting this requirement. You must check with each college.
  • Colleges generally do not accept tutoring, DVD learning or overseas experiences, unless there is also evaluation and examination (i.e., It is not enough to take a trip or listen to language lessons).

Recommendation: If you are not sure what colleges you are preparing for, the safe path is to take two years of a foreign language following a standard curriculum of spoken, written and cultural study. Other options may work, but will require more effort to explain on a transcript.

Recommendation: Consider taking Latin in middle school. It improves your English vocabulary and foreign language skills (especially for Latin-based languages like French and Spanish) prior to high school.

Caution: Failing to have two creditable years of a current foreign language may limit your college options.

Go to the Foreign Language tab to start planning your Foreign Language courses, then return to this tab when you’re ready.

Step 7 – Strong Academic Electives are not elective.

Since most college applicants meet minimum requirements, it is often the non-required courses that give the colleges the best picture of the applicant as a student.

  • The more challenging courses (e.g., honors courses, AP courses, dual college credit courses) a student takes and does well, the stronger his transcript.
  • Taking fewer challenging courses just to keep a high GPA still looks like a weak transcript.
  • Taking too many challenging courses and doing poorly in them looks like a student who can’t manage his work.

Recommendation: Take as many challenging courses as you can at as high a level as you can while maintaining a respectable GPA. Even if you don’t plan to major in some of the hard courses, they still help your college readiness and your transcript.

Caution: Listing group participation or life experiences as academic courses (e.g., co-op discussion group as a literature class or working on the car as an automotive repair course) does not present well on a transcript. Academic courses are expected to have significant formal evaluation. Similarly, listing courses as “honors” without sufficient comparative basis also does not present well. Colleges assume that an “honors” student will take AP exams and do well on them. Without that objective assessment, “honors” designations on courses do not carry much transcript weight.

Use the rest of the tabs on this page to research other courses to challenge and prepare your student with a good education and a strong transcript. When you’re ready to start searching our hundreds of courses, head to the Course Catalog where you can browse, filter, search, and enroll.

Step 8 – You’re off to a good start!

Academic planning is unique for every student and should be revisited every year. If you’re planning a lot of TPS courses for your students, you may request an appointment with an Academic Adviser once each year. For help building your best transcript, consider pursuing a TPS Diploma.

We look forward to serving with your family in education and discipleship.

Summer Classes

TPS offers great summer courses for strengthening foundational skills to smooth out rough patches from the prior school year or give a head start for the next school year.

The TPS Summer term runs for six weeks, with a break week during the week of July 4 (total of seven weeks start to finish). Our Academic Calendar provides details.

Summer classes typically meet twice each week for two hours per meeting, usually on Monday+Wednesday or Tuesday+Thursday. Schedule details for each course are shown in the Course Catalog (select the “Summer” category). Because summer courses are fast-paced, students who plan to miss one or more sessions must request teacher approval for the missed sessions when they enroll in the course; summer enrollments with plans to miss multiple consecutive sessions may be disapproved.

We have general academic preparation courses like:

We have writing skill-building courses for elementary: junior high; early high school; and late high school, AP, and college:

We have math skill-building courses:

We have courses to prepare your student for our rigorous fall/spring courses:

English

Math

Science

We also offer fun and educational classes that just don’t fit into the regular school year:

Elementary School Classes

TPS is pleased to offer a complete online Elementary School curriculum for grades 5 and 6, extending to strong grade 4 students. TPS Elementary instills a love of learning while also teaching foundational learning skills, plus skills specific to each major discipline. TPS Elementary also helps instill independent study skills, so that by grade 7 most students can work on their own with increasingly less supervision. TPS Elementary is purposeful and enjoyable for our younger learners.

Study and Online Skills

Elementary Study and Online Skills

Grammar

Grades 5-6: Elementary Grammar
Grades 6-8 (Summer): Grammar Foundations for Elementary and Middle School Writing

Reading

Grade 5: Reading in Action 5
Grade 6: Reading in Action 6 (future course)

Writing

Grade 5 (Summer): Writing for Elementary School (alternates content each year, may be taken twice)
Grade 5: Writing Fundamentals 5
Grade 6 (Summer): Writing for Elementary School (alternates content each year, may be taken twice)
Grade 6: Writing Fundamentals 6

Math

TPS offers Elementary Math (i.e, Math prior to Pre-Algebra) in two tracks: Accelerated and Fundamentals. Both tracks are thorough preparation for Pre-Algebra, the transitional course that bridges a student from concrete to abstract in preparation for Algebra and beyond.

Math Accelerated: More advanced topics in greater depth

Grade 4: Math Accelerated 4
Grade 5: Math Accelerated 5
Grade 6 (Summer): Math Accelerated 6 Prep Camp
Grade 6: Math Accelerated 6

Note: Strong Math Accelerated 6 students may skip Pre-Algebra and go straight to Algebra.

Math Fundamentals: Solid foundation for Pre-Algebra or Pre-Algebra (Honors)

Grade 5-6: Math Fundamentals 5
Grade 6-7: Math Fundamentals 6

Science

TPS offers a complete Elementary Science curriculum, covering life sciences and physical sciences.

Grades 5-6: Elementary Science: Discovering God’s Living World
Grades 5-6: Elementary Science: Discovering God’s Physical World

Humanities: History and Literature

TPS offers an integrated Elementary History and Literature curriculum. Combine this with TPS Writing Fundamentals 5 and Writing Fundamentals 6 for a complete Elementary History, Literature, Reading, and Writing program.

Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the United States
Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the Ancient World
Grades 5-7: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of Asia and the Middle East
Grade 6-8: Christian World History: Heroes of the Faith

Social Studies

Grade 6-8: Globetrotters Geography

Spanish

Start Spanish in elementary school! Completion through Elementary Spanish 3 in elementary or middle school places the student out of high school Spanish 1, so he can go straight to high school Spanish 2.

Grades 4-6: Elementary Spanish 1
Grades 4-7: Elementary Spanish 2
Grades 5-7: Elementary Spanish 3

French

Start French in elementary school! Completion through Elementary French 3 in elementary or middle school places the student out of high school French 1, so he can go straight to high school French 2.

Grades 4-6: Elementary French 1
Grades 4-7: Elementary French 2
Grades 5-7: Elementary French 3 (coming 2020-21)

Art and Art History

Grade 6-8: Art and Artists

Music

Grade 5-7: Foundations in Music 1
Grade 6-8: Foundations in Music 2

TPS Elementary courses are great preparation for TPS middle school courses, which are great preparation for TPS high school courses. TPS high school courses are unmatched for their effectiveness in preparing a student to do well in top colleges. If you are looking for a purposeful and enjoyable education for your young learner, please consider TPS Elementary.

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Elementary” category in our Course Catalog.

AP® Courses

Students who complete TPS AP courses and follow our study guidance can generally expect to earn scores of 4 or 5 on the corresponding AP exams.

Why take a certified AP course? An Advanced Placement or “AP” course certified by the College Board is intended to prepare students for AP exams given by the College Board. AP® is a trademark owned by the College Board. To be listed on a transcript as an AP course, the course must be approved by the College Board.

Why take AP exams?

  • Whenever a college sees an AP course on a transcript, they look for the strong AP exam score to validate the course and support the transcript.
  • Competitive colleges use AP exam scores as part of academically ranking their stronger applicants.
  • Most colleges use good AP exam scores to allow you to skip certain freshman courses. Which courses can be skipped and what scores are required vary from college to college, so you should check with your colleges of interest.

How high do AP exam scores need to be? Competitive colleges require scores of 5 (highest) or 4 to receive college credit. Some schools give credit to scores of 3. Because higher scores matter, AP exams are usually taken in grades 11 and 12, and sometimes in grade 10.

What are good AP courses to take first? Strong grade 10 and up students should consider:

Why take certified AP courses from TPS?

  • TPS AP students score higher — we track the data every year for every test. TPS average scores on each test are in the upper 1/3 — often higher — of the national scores for each exam.
  • TPS AP courses are exceptional on-line classes that offer a complete package of live instruction and interaction, individual evaluation and feedback, and guided test preparation from a master teacher.
  • Students who complete TPS AP courses and follow our study guidance can generally expect to earn scores of 4 or 5 on the corresponding AP exams.

TPS currently teaches the AP courses listed below — enough varied options that every diligent high school student can boost his transcript with AP credit and exam scores. Some of these courses listed below are also eligible for a college credit transcript from Belhaven University (number of potential college credits is in parentheses).

AP® courses taught by TPS

AP Art History (3 credits)
AP Biology (8 credits)
AP Calculus AB (3 credits)
AP Calculus BC (6 credits)
AP Comparative Government and Politics
AP Computer Science A (Java)
AP English Language and Composition
AP English Literature and Composition
AP Environmental Science
AP European History
AP French
AP Human Geography
AP Macroeconomics + AP® Macroeconomics
AP Physics 1
AP Spanish
AP Statistics
AP U.S. Government and Politics
AP U.S. History
AP World History: Modern

TPS preparation for AP courses

English 3: Literature Survey and Composition (Honors)
Biology (Pre-AP Honors)
Chemistry (Pre-AP Honors)

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the AP® category in our Course Catalog.

*TPS has several sources for this data: Each year we survey our students after the exams to find out their scores and we query the College Board for their scores, and then we cross-check the data to compile a valid TPS data set of scores for each exam. We analyze the TPS data set against the national AP® scores and subscores (data is released by the College Board after each exam cycle) to statistically assess TPS scores and subscores for each exam each year. We also analyze our AP® course grades against the AP® test results, to ensure that our courses continue to support the level and content of each AP® test.

Courses indicated as AP® have received College Board review and approval. AP® is a trademark owned by the College Board, which is not affiliated with and does not endorse this site.

College (Dual Credit) Courses

Are you seeking college credit in high school? There are some important things to consider, but in many cases dual credit (college credit in high school) is a good choice. TPS offers courses that are pre-approved for college credit from Belhaven University. We have also researched other major colleges, and designed our courses so they cover the topics most commonly taught in the major colleges, so these credits should be easy to transfer to the college of your choice.

TPS College Credit courses

Integrated Humanities
Belhaven High Scholars (24 English/History/Humanities credits)

Literature and Composition
College Composition (3 credits)
College British Literature and Composition (3 credits)
College American Literature and Composition (3 credits)
College World Literature and Composition (3 credits)

Mathematics
Precalculus/Trigonometry (3 credits)
Calculus AB (3 credits)
Calculus BC (6 credits – two semesters of college Calculus, each awarded 3 credits)

Science
College Biology (8 credits – two semesters of college Biology, each awarded 3 credits + 1 lab credit)

History
College Western Civilization (3 credits)
College U.S. History (3 credits)

Social Science
College Psychology (3 credits)

Foreign Language
French 3 (3 credits – fourth semester college French)

Music
College Music Theory (3 credits)

Art
Art History and Appreciation (3 credits)

How does TPS College Credit work?

    • Age/Grade Requirements. TPS courses listed for “College Credit” are taught at a college level. They are provided exclusively to academically strong and diligent upper-high-school students, and do not make accommodation for students who are younger or academically under-prepared. Prerequisite age/grade requirements and academic readiness requirements are not flexible for these courses. Please also see this information on age/grade requirements for TPS courses.
    • Credit Pre-Approval. TPS courses listed as “College Credit” are pre-approved by Belhaven University for credit. However, the student is not required to enroll in Belhaven at the same time as enrolling in the TPS course. Instead, the student registers his course with Belhaven during the school year once he decides he wants to receive (and pay for) the college credit transcript.
    • Official Transcript. Upon successful completion (80% or higher) of a pre-approved courses, the student may request a transcript from Belhaven University.
      • The Belhaven transcript is an official Belhaven transcript. It lists Belhaven course titles, numbers, and credits that equate to the TPS course successfully completed (see list above). The transcript is not modified with any any special designations (e.g., “dual enrollment,” “on-line”, or “TPS”), and is identical to any other Belhaven transcript.
      • Belhaven University does not issue high school transcripts, and will not list courses as “dual” high school and college, or indicate in any way that a course on a Belhaven transcript was also was taken toward high school graduation. Students seeking an accredited high school transcript that includes their college courses may request an accredited high school transcript through TPS or their own transcript provider.
      • As part of the optional college transcripting process, students must provide their name, address, and other identification information to Belhaven University. Belhaven University may add students to their mailing list, and may contact students regarding university opportunities. TPS encourages students to consider Belhaven University’s excellent internal and partnership programs in college decisions.
    • Process and Fees. Please see this information on how to request, pay for and obtain the transcript from Belhaven University.
    • Transferring Belhaven Credits for a TPS College Course. If another college or university asks for a syllabus along with the Belhaven transcript, the TPS course information should be provided under the TPS course name plus the Belhaven catalog name. If the course is not yet completed, include a note indicating the course is pre-approved for Belhaven University transcript credit upon successful completion.

Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Literature and History go together like bacon and eggs, right? TPS offers integrated humanities courses that combine literature and history in a “great books classical” approach. In addition to many omnibus-style courses from elementary to high school, we also offer a two-year high school curriculum that earns 24 college credits. All of these courses can be used in the TPS Diploma program. Here are details.

Two-Year Dual Credit Classical Integrated Humanities Program

Belhaven High Scholars is a Western Civilization humanities curriculum developed by Belhaven University and offered to high school students online through TPS. This classical program integrates western history, literature, composition (writing), and art appreciation into a two-year “Great Books” or “omnibus” curriculum which provides a total of 6 high school credits and 24 college credits. It emphasizes discussion and dialogue over memorization of information, and the efficient integration allows for a lower workload than if similar courses were taken individually. Each year is taught in four live classes per week. Belhaven High Scholars is available to upper high school students with good writing skills — no prior classical humanities background is necessary.

Grades 10-12: Belhaven High Scholars (Two Years)

Honors Level Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the United States
Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the Ancient World
Grades 5-7: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of Asia and the Middle East
Grades 8-9: American History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 9-12: Medieval, Renaissance, Reformation History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Modern History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Ancient History, Literature and Composition (Honors)

Art and Digital Graphics Courses

Suggested Art and Art History Sequences

Our art courses not only teach skills and help students build their portfolios, but they help students worship and reflect their Creator through creative Art.

Grades 6-8
Art and Artists

Grades 9-12 Art Foundations
Art Foundations: Drawing and Composition (one semester)
Art Foundations: 2D Design (one semester)

Grades 9-12 Advanced Art
Art: 3D Design (one semester) (coming 2020-21)
Art: Drawing and Composition 2 (one semester) (coming 2020-21)

Advanced Placement (AP®)
AP Art History (College Art Appreciation)

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Art” category in our Course Catalog.

Suggested Digital Graphics Art Sequence
TPS has a Digital Graphics Art program taught by a professional graphics artist for students who are enthusiastic and serious about graphic arts!

Grades 9-12
Adobe Photoshop
Adobe Illustrator

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Digital Graphics” category in our Course Catalog.

The traditional Christian approach to Bible and worldview classes has generally been to join with other like-minded believers to “discuss” opposing views in a polemical approach, with little effort to genuinely understand and respectfully engage the other views. This approach is not serving a generation that has direct access (information and social networking) to other worldviews and to the people that hold them. Failing to engage other views accurately and respectfully leaves students ill-prepared for when they inevitably encounter the “real thing” outside the Christian classroom or discussion group. TPS offers many Bible, Apologetics and Worldviews courses, designed to meet a variety of needs at every level.

Suggested Bible and Worldview courses

Grades 6-8

Grades 7-9

Grades 8-12

Grades 9-12

Grades 10-12

Grades 11-12

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Bible and Worldview” category in our Course Catalog.

English As a Foreign Language (EFL)

What is TPS English As a Foreign Language (EFL)?

TPS English As a Foreign Language (EFL) trains students in academic English, so they can excel in other classes that use English in the classroom and in writing. TPS EFL can prepare you for Math courses, Science courses, Social Studies courses, and even English Literature and Writing courses.

How does TPS English As a Foreign Language (EFL) differ from other EFL programs?

Other EFL programs teach conversational spoken English and functional English reading and writing. Students learn to function as second-language English speakers, but they are not able to speak, read and write like strong English students.

TPS EFL teaches academic English speaking, reading, and writing. Our EFL students are placed into academic English courses (Literature, Writing, History, Social Sciences) sooner, and by the time they complete the TPS EFL program their academic English is on par with their native English-speaking peers.

No other EFL program offers this level of academic English.

What are prerequisites for TPS English as a Foreign Language (EFL)?

Prior to beginning the TPS EFL courses, the student must demonstrate sufficient conversational English skills. This is assessed through an interview with the teacher. TPS considers this prerequisite level to be EFL-Beginner (EFL-B). TPS has no EFL-B classes online, and recommends that beginner students take local live classes or tutoring.

What is TPS EFL-Intermediate instruction?

TPS teaches EFL-Intermediate (EFL-I) online. A student who passes prerequisite testing for TPS EFL-Intermediate (EFL-I) will take TPS EFL-I two years. A few students may finish in one year, if they were more advanced to start.

What classes (taught in English) may a student take after completing EFL-I?

After one or two years of EFL-I, the student should be ready to enroll in TPS Writing Fundamentals 5 (WF5) or Writing Fundamentals 6 (WF6), with the help of a tutor. The tutor program is called EFL-Advanced (EFL-A) tutoring.

What is TPS EFL-Advanced (EFL-A) tutoring?

After completing EFL-I the student may take English courses taught in English, starting with TPS Writing Fundamentals 5 (WF5) or Writing Fundamentals 6 (WF6). The student will be required to have an individual tutor for each English course until the student’s writing is fluent in academic English. TPS assigns this tutor as EFL-Advanced (EFL-A) Tutoring. The EFL-A tutor meets with each student one time per week for 30 minutes, to review English assignments and improve weaknesses in written English. There are additional fees for this required tutoring.

Then the student may progress each year from WF5 to WF6 to English 1 to English 2, with an EFL-A tutor assigned each year until his writing is academically good and the tutor is no longer required.

When may a student take Math, Science and Social Studies courses taught in English?

After completing Writing Fundamentals 6, the student can join TPS Math classes and TPS Elementary Science classes.

After completing English 1, the student can join TPS grades 7-8 Science classes.

After completing English 2, the student can join TPS Social Studies courses.

After completing TPS English 3 without an EFL-A tutor, the student can take TPS high school academic English Literature and Writing courses, and progress up to College courses.

Please view this chart to help with understanding the TPS EFL options and opportunities.

TPS EFL is good for all foreign students who want to learn English as a Foreign Language. It is ideal for Chinese students. If you prefer to communicate in Chinese, please contact TPS China for information and assistance. Here are instructions in Chinese explaining how to enroll in TPS classes.

Academic Electives

There are some Academic Electives which are so foundational that every student should consider taking them:

Also some foundational Bible courses:

TPS offers many other fantastic electives. You won’t be able to take them all, but you might want to try. To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Academic Electives” category in our Course Catalog.

English Reading, Writing and Literature Courses

Why choose TPS English Reading, Writing and Literature classes?

  • Top English Writing and Literature classes grades 4 through 12.
    • TPS Literature courses all teach writing (compare with others that may grade essays but don’t teach writing).
    • TPS Literature courses all teach analysis of literature (compare with others that discuss books but don’t teach analysis).
    • TPS Writing courses (no literature) available for every grade level.
  • Top scores on AP English Language and AP English Literature exams.
  • Dual college credit in composition (writing) and literature.
  • Master analytical essay writing for English, History, SAT, and ACT.
  • Expert study of the Great Books (classics) of the western literary canon and world literature.
  • Thorough series of summer grammar and writing courses specifically designed to prepare students for TPS courses taught during the regular school year.

Are TPS English Reading, Writing and Literature classes the right choice for your student? Please click the slide below to find out.

TPS English Reading, Writing and Literature Classes

Click the image below to open a view for easier reading.

Grammar Courses

Grades 5-6: Elementary Grammar
Grades 6-8 (Summer): Grammar Foundations for Elementary and Middle School Writing
Grade 7: English 1 Grammar Supplement (available only with English 1)

Suggested English Writing and Literature Sequence

Grade 5 (Summer): Writing for Elementary School (alternates content each year, may be taken twice)
Grade 5: Writing Fundamentals 5, Reading in Action 5
Grade 6 (Summer): Writing for Elementary School (alternates content each year, may be taken twice)
Grade 6: Writing Fundamentals 6
Grade 7 (Summer): Writing for Middle School (alternates content each year, may be taken twice)
Grade 7-8

Grade 8 (Summer): Writing for Middle School (alternates content each year, may be taken twice)
Grade 8: English 2: Confident Composition
Grade 8-9: English 2: Literature and Composition
Grade 9 (Summer): Writing for High School
Grade 9

Grades 10-12 (Summer): Writing for Upper High School and College (summer before English 4/5/6)
Grades 10-12

Grades 11-12

TPS also offers other literature, poetry, and creative writing courses.

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “English” or “Literature and Media Analysis” or “Writing and Composition” category in our Course Catalog.

Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Literature and History go together like bacon and eggs, right? TPS offers integrated humanities courses that combine literature and history in a “great books classical” approach. In addition to many omnibus-style courses from elementary to high school, we also offer a two-year high school curriculum that earns 24 college credits. All of these courses can be used in the TPS Diploma program. Here are details.

Two-Year Dual Credit Classical Integrated Humanities Program

Belhaven High Scholars is a Western Civilization humanities curriculum developed by Belhaven University and offered to high school students online through TPS. This classical program integrates western history, literature, composition (writing), and art appreciation into a two-year “Great Books” curriculum which provides a total of 6 high school credits and 24 college credits. It emphasizes discussion and dialogue over memorization of information, and the efficient integration allows for a lower workload than if similar courses were taken individually. Each year is taught in four live classes per week. Belhaven High Scholars is available to upper high school students with good writing skills — no prior classical humanities background is necessary.

Grades 10-12: Belhaven High Scholars (Two Years)

Honors Level Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the United States
Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the Ancient World
Grades 5-7: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of Asia and the Middle East
Grades 8-9: American History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 9-12: Medieval, Renaissance, Reformation History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Modern History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Ancient History, Literature and Composition (Honors)

Academic English as Foreign Language

Often students whose first language is not English desire to prepare for a national English exam, the TOEFL, or a high school or college program taught in English (e.g., a U.S. university, or an international university program, or even high school diploma from an English-speaking school). The Potter’s School offers an English as a Foreign Language series of courses, taught by culturally sensitive teachers experienced with both EFL and academic English instruction. These courses are designed to take a student from conversational English to whatever goal he sets: national English exam, TOEFL, or even academic English proficiency sufficient to participate in mainstream academic courses (math, science, social studies, etc.) taught in English. More information on TPS EFL…

Foreign Language Courses

Most college admission processes require two years of a foreign language in high school. Some colleges require that the language be a living spoken language, and others do not have that restriction. You should check with colleges you may be interested in, to understand their specific requirements.

TPS offers the most academically thorough on-line live interactive foreign language courses available anywhere, and we are continually adding to our offerings. We currently offer French, Spanish, German, Chinese, Russian, Arabic, and Latin.

In many of our language courses (French, Spanish, Latin) we offer a Year 1A and Year 1B version, allowing the beginning student to take the first year of the language over two years, in a more relaxed pace to lay a more thorough foundation. Year 1A and Year 1B together fulfill the requirement for one year of a HS language, so students who take them can then go to Year 2 of that language. This is ideal for starting the language in grade 7, 8 or 9, because there is still plenty of time to complete Year 2 prior to college.

We also have Elementary Spanish and Elementary French.

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Foreign Language” category in our Course Catalog.

History, Government and Social Studies Courses

“The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof,
the world and those who dwell therein…” (Ps 24:1)

Social Studies may be seen as a set of interrelated academic disciplines (History, Government/Politics, Economics, Sociology, Psychology) that study human behaviors, events, cultures, and ideologies as part of God’s creation. History is then approached as study of God’s manifest plan as it has unfolded for individuals, peoples and nations.

Psalm 24 provides a foundation and framework for study of History and Social Studies within TPS, resulting in several academic commitments:

  • All things belong to God — not just “sacred” versus “secular” things.
  • All happenings are under God’s plan — not just happenings we like or with which we agree.
  • All people are created equally in God’s image — not just “western” people or “Christian” people.

Our academic and discipleship goal in TPS History, Government and Social Studies is to prepare students to understand, engage with and influence the real world. We emphasize study of original context so we can better understand things removed from our own time and situation, and more wisely consider lessons learned from them.

Our History, Government and Social Studies courses are also academically distinguished by their emphasis on research and essay writing. Our students not only learn and discuss events and ideas in context from a biblical worldview, they also learn to write well-researched analytical essays (compare our AP® exam results or our writing program with others to see how well TPS prepares students for college essay writing).

Our History, Government and Social Studies program is coherent and thorough, and a student who takes a well-planned set of TPS History, Government and Social Studies courses in high school will have unparalleled preparation for college and career with a global understanding and potential for world-wide impact.

Is your student ready for TPS History, Government and Social Studies? Please click the slide for more information, then review the course chart and information below it.

 

Suggested History, Government and Social Studies Sequence

Click the image below to open a view for easier reading. Suggested grade levels and prior courses are not prerequisites.

History Courses

Grades 6-8: Christian World History: Heroes of the Faith
Grades 7-8: U.S. History for Middle School (full survey, with emphasis on prior to Civil War Reconstruction)
Grades 8-9: Ancient History
Grades 9-12

Grades 10-12

Grades 11-12

Government and Social Studies Courses

Grades 6-8: Globetrotters Geography for Middle School

Grades 9-12

Grades 10-12

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “History,” “Government,” or “Social Science” category in our Course Catalog.

Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Literature and History go together like bacon and eggs, right? TPS offers integrated humanities courses that combine literature and history in a “great books classical” approach. In addition to many omnibus-style courses from elementary to high school, we also offer a two-year high school curriculum that earns 24 college credits. All of these courses can be used in the TPS Diploma program. Here are details.

Two-Year Dual Credit Classical Integrated Humanities Program

Belhaven High Scholars is a Western Civilization humanities curriculum developed by Belhaven University and offered to high school students online through TPS. This classical program integrates western history, literature, composition (writing), and art appreciation into a two-year “Great Books” or “omnibus” curriculum which provides a total of 6 high school credits and 24 college credits. It emphasizes discussion and dialogue over memorization of information, and the efficient integration allows for a lower workload than if similar courses were taken individually. Each year is taught in four live classes per week. Belhaven High Scholars is available to upper high school students with good writing skills — no prior classical humanities background is necessary.

Grades 10-12: Belhaven High Scholars (Two Years)

Honors Level Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the United States
Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the Ancient World
Grades 5-7: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of Asia and the Middle East
Grades 8-9: American History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 9-12: Medieval, Renaissance, Reformation History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Modern History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Ancient History, Literature and Composition (Honors)

Math Courses

Why choose TPS Math classes?

  • Top online math classes grades 4 through 12.
  • Top scores on AP Calculus BC, AP Calculus AB and AP Statistics exams.
  • Dual college credit in Calculus, Precalculus, and Statistics.
  • Solid foundation in Algebra, Geometry and Algebra 2 for SAT, ACT and higher math and science.
  • Two levels of Math (Standard and Honors) in every grade.

Are TPS Math classes right for your student? Please click the slide below to find out.

 

TPS Math Classes

Click the image below to open a view for easier reading.

Elementary Math (before Pre-Algebra)

TPS offers Elementary Math (i.e, Math prior to Pre-Algebra) in two tracks: Accelerated and Fundamentals. Both tracks are thorough preparation for Pre-Algebra, the transitional course that bridges a student from concrete to abstract in preparation for Algebra and beyond.

TPS Math Accelerated is based on the Singapore Math curriculum, which introduces more advanced topics a little sooner. Our testing has shown that students who do well in TPS Math Accelerated 6 are prepared to go straight to Algebra, effectively skipping a year of Math.

TPS Math Fundamentals is based on the Math Mammoth curriculum, highly regarded for its rigor and accessibility. It thoroughly prepares a student for the crucial transition of Pre-Algebra, which also uses the Math Mammoth curriculum.

Accelerated: More advanced topics in greater depth

Grade 4: Math Accelerated 4
Grade 5: Math Accelerated 5
Grade 6 (Summer): Math Accelerated 6 Prep Camp
Grade 6: Math Accelerated 6

Note: Strong Math Accelerated 6 students may skip Pre-Algebra and go straight to Algebra.

Fundamentals: Solid foundation for Pre-Algebra or Pre-Algebra (Honors)

Grade 5-6: Math Fundamentals 5
Grade 6-7: Math Fundamentals 6

Pre-Algebra through college-level Math

Pre-Algebra is the transitional course that bridges a student from concrete to abstract in preparation for Algebra and beyond. TPS offers math from Pre-Algebra through Algebra 2 in two tracks:  Honors and Standard.

TPS Honors and Standard tracks are both thorough preparation for college and career. Honors courses go deeper into some topics, assign some harder problems in homework and tests, and add a few more topics — all designed to better prepare a student for Calculus. Honors class lectures and discussions move a little faster and spend a little less time on review. Though Honors courses are ideal for preparing for Calculus, students who do well in the Standard courses will also be prepared to do well in Precalculus and Calculus. Students who start in one track can switch tracks later if needed, based on grades or changing academic goals.

TPS offers a wide range of options after Algebra 2, including Precalculus followed by Calculus BC or Calculus AB; Statistics; or Quantitative Reasoning for College Math. TPS Precalculus and Calculus BC and AB are eligible for college dual credit.

Honors: Prospective Math/Science majors or other students preparing for Calculus

Grade 6-7 (Summer before Pre-Algebra): Pre-Algebra Prep Camp
Grade 6-7: Pre-Algebra (Honors)
Grade 7-8 (Summer before Algebra): Algebra Prep Camp
Grade 7-8: Algebra (Honors)
Grade 8-9 (Summer before Geometry): Summer Algebra Review
Grade 8-9: Geometry (Honors)
Grade 9-10 (Summer before Advanced Algebra): Algebra Review, Geometry Review
Grade 9-10: Algebra 2 (Honors)
Grade 10-11 (Summer before Precalculus): Algebra 2 Review
Grade 10-11: Precalculus (with Honors option)
Grade 11-12: AB Calculus, BC Calculus

Standard: Prospective Social Science or liberal Arts majors, or students preparing for AP Statistics or college-level Quantitative Reasoning or Trigonometry (Precalculus)

Grade 7-8 (Summer before Pre-Algebra): Pre-Algebra Prep Camp
Grade 7-8: Pre-Algebra
Grade 8-9 (Summer before Algebra): Algebra Prep Camp
Grade 8-9: Algebra
Grade 9-10 (Summer before Geometry): Summer Algebra Review
Grade 9-10: Geometry
Grade 10-11 (Summer before Algebra 2): Algebra Review
Grade 10-11: Algebra 2
Grade 11-12 (Summer): Algebra 2 Review
Grade 11-12: Precalculus (with Honors option), Quantitative Reasoning for College Math, AP Statistics
Grade 12: AB Calculus

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Math” category in our Course Catalog.

Music Courses

TPS offers some great Music theory and practice courses taught by talented experts. They may be taken in any sequence, with some targeted for younger students and others for older students.

Suggested Music Courses

Grades 5-7: Foundations in Music 1
Grades 6-8: Foundations in Music 2
Grades 9-12 (Summer): Music Theory Camp
Grades 9-12: Contemporary Music Harmony, Contemporary Ear Training
Grades 11-12: College Music Theory (3 college credits)

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Music” category in our Course Catalog.

Photography and Videography

Videography

Introduction to Videography

Suggested Photography Sequence

Beginner
Summer Starter
Beginner to Brilliant

Experienced
Posing and Prompting (one semester)
Going Pro! (one semester)

Photography and videography students may also be interested in the Graphic Arts courses (e.g., Adobe Photoshop) for editing their photos and using them in media development.

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Photography and Videography” category in our Course Catalog.

Science Courses

What do you need to consider when planning your science curriculum and choosing your science classes? What do colleges expect?

Most college admission processes require at least two years of a laboratory science in high school. Since Biology has no prerequisite, most students take Biology as one required science. Beyond that comes Chemistry (which requires a solid Algebra foundation), and then possibly Physics (which requires knowledge at least through basic Trig functions). Life Science and Physical Science are both great courses that help prepare junior high students for Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.

TPS Science Classes

TPS Science classes fully prepare you for college, including meeting the rigorous hands-on lab experience and formal lab reporting expectations often missed in homeschooling. TPS science classes combine thorough academic rigor and uncompromising biblical worldview.

  • Content. We bring you a more complete course, using other texts and materials to supplement the basic text. We stand firmly on a biblical worldview, but we include content to cover various perspectives thoroughly enough that students won’t be surprised when they encounter knowledgeable and persuasive adherents of other perspectives and worldviews.
  • Labs and Lab Reports. One of the areas of science where homeschoolers are least prepared for college is experience with labs and formal lab reports. We design our courses to prepare a student for formal lab reports in college, through a progression of teaching and examples, evaluated drafts, and final reports that systematically increases student proficiency throughout the course.

Suggested Science Classes Sequence

Click the image below to open a view for easier reading.

Grades 5-6: Discovering God’s Living World, Discovering God’s Physical World
Grades 7-8: General Science, Honors Life Science, Physical Science, Honors Physical Science
Grades 8-9: Earth Science
Grades 9-12: Health and Wellness (one semester)
Grade 9: Biology, Biology (Pre-AP Honors)
Grade 10: Chemistry, Chemistry (Pre-AP Honors)
Grades 10-12: Marine Biology, Electronics, Astronomy
Grade 11 or 12: Physics, Anatomy & Physiology, Forensic Science, AP Environmental Science, AP Biology, AP Chemistry (currently not offered)AP Physics 1, AP Physics 2 (planned for 2020-21)

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “Science” category in our Course Catalog.

History, Government and Social Studies Courses

“The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof,
the world and those who dwell therein…” (Ps 24:1)

Social Studies may be seen as a set of interrelated academic disciplines (History, Government/Politics, Economics, Sociology, Psychology) that study human behaviors, events, cultures, and ideologies as part of God’s creation. History is then approached as study of God’s manifest plan as it has unfolded for individuals, peoples and nations.

Psalm 24 provides a foundation and framework for study of History and Social Studies within TPS, resulting in several academic commitments:

  • All things belong to God — not just “sacred” versus “secular” things.
  • All happenings are under God’s plan — not just happenings we like or with which we agree.
  • All people are created equally in God’s image — not just “western” people or “Christian” people.

Our academic and discipleship goal in TPS History, Government and Social Studies is to prepare students to understand, engage with and influence the real world. We emphasize study of original context so we can better understand things removed from our own time and situation, and more wisely consider lessons learned from them.

Our History, Government and Social Studies courses are also academically distinguished by their emphasis on research and essay writing. Our students not only learn and discuss events and ideas in context from a biblical worldview, they also learn to write well-researched analytical essays (compare our AP® exam results or our writing program with others to see how well TPS prepares students for college essay writing).

Our History, Government and Social Studies program is coherent and thorough, and a student who takes a well-planned set of TPS History, Government and Social Studies courses in high school will have unparalleled preparation for college and career with a global understanding and potential for world-wide impact.

Is your student ready for TPS History, Government and Social Studies? Please click the slide for more information, then review the course chart and information below it.

 

Suggested History, Government and Social Studies Sequence

Click the image below to open a view for easier reading. Suggested grade levels and prior courses are not prerequisites.

History Courses

Grades 6-8: Christian World History: Heroes of the Faith
Grades 7-8: U.S. History for Middle School (full survey, with emphasis on prior to Civil War Reconstruction)
Grades 8-9: Ancient History
Grades 9-12

Grades 10-12

Grades 11-12

Government and Social Studies Courses

Grades 6-8: Globetrotters Geography for Middle School

Grades 9-12

Grades 10-12

To find more details on these and related courses, please select the “History,” “Government,” or “Social Science” category in our Course Catalog.

Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Literature and History go together like bacon and eggs, right? TPS offers integrated humanities courses that combine literature and history in a “great books classical” approach. In addition to many omnibus-style courses from elementary to high school, we also offer a two-year high school curriculum that earns 24 college credits. All of these courses can be used in the TPS Diploma program. Here are details.

Two-Year Dual Credit Classical Integrated Humanities Program

Belhaven High Scholars is a Western Civilization humanities curriculum developed by Belhaven University and offered to high school students online through TPS. This classical program integrates western history, literature, composition (writing), and art appreciation into a two-year “Great Books” or “omnibus” curriculum which provides a total of 6 high school credits and 24 college credits. It emphasizes discussion and dialogue over memorization of information, and the efficient integration allows for a lower workload than if similar courses were taken individually. Each year is taught in four live classes per week. Belhaven High Scholars is available to upper high school students with good writing skills — no prior classical humanities background is necessary.

Grades 10-12: Belhaven High Scholars (Two Years)

Honors Level Classical Integrated Humanities Courses

Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the United States
Grades 4-6: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of the Ancient World
Grades 5-7: Elementary Humanities: History and Literature of Asia and the Middle East
Grades 8-9: American History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 9-12: Medieval, Renaissance, Reformation History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Modern History, Literature and Composition (Honors)
Grades 10-12: Ancient History, Literature and Composition (Honors)

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